Guide for migration to Canada

how to migrate to canada

HOW TO MIGRATE TO CANADA FROM INDIA:

Immigration to Canada, especially from India, is undoubtedly the most popular desired destination for immigrants around the world. Canada tops the list of “most immigration friendly countries”. Factors like solid economy, easy movement visa policies, work license, quality education and work opportunities after study makes Canada a suitable nation for immigration.

Apart from this, the nation does not just welcome individuals wishing to move abroad, but it additionally pulls in migrants for its incredible climate, comfortable way of life, and brilliant personal satisfaction.

Likewise, it is ranked among one of the most peaceful nations on the planet, with Calgary, Toronto and Vancouver. Read the complete article to clear all your doubts regarding immigration to Canada and other relevant details.

Ways to immigrate:

  1. Student visa- The easiest way to immigrate to Canada is to attain education. You have to enrol into a degree or certificate course in a college in Canada but there are 3 conditions that you must fulfil:
    1. The course must be of at least 8 months duration
    1. You must have an IELTS score of 6 or above, and
    1. You must provide the proof of funds
  2. Business visa: Canadian investor immigration or business visa is for rich investors. The government wants these foreign investors to come and invest in their country. Through business visa, you can get a permanent residency in Canada with your spouse, and children who are below the age of 22 years.
  3. LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment) or work visa: A Canadian Employer provides you with a job offer, based on that job offer, you can apply for a work permit to work in Canada and later on, you can apply for a PR (Permanent Residency). However, getting a PR through this visa is not an easy process.
  4. Express Entry Program: This is the most popular way chosen by Indians to immigrate to Canada. From time to time, Canada falls short of skilled workers like doctors, engineers, technicians, etc. So, the professionals from India whose occupations falls under the applicable National Occupational Classification System, make their way to Canada through their skills and are eligible to apply for a PR. However, your selection through this program is based on your CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) score which is calculated on the basis of your various personal information.
  5. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP): Various provinces (states) in Canada have their own immigration process which is based on skills in demand in a particular province. So, if you have a low CRS score or could not qualify for Express entry program, then this way is for you.

ELIGIBILITY:

For admission to the Express Entry Pool as a Federal Skilled Worker, there are certain conditions to be fulfilled by the applicants:

  • Must possess one-year experience of regular full-time paid work or equivalent in part-time work within 10 years of application in one of the 347 eligible occupations listed under the applicable National Occupational Classification System,
  • Work experience must be classified within Skill Type 0 (Managerial Occupations), Skill Level A (Professional Occupations), or Skill Level B (Technical Occupations and Skilled Trades) which are defined in the National Occupational Classification System,
  • Should score adequate points under the skilled worker point grid, comprising of six selection factors,
  •  Must go through a language testing from a recognized third party and demonstrate intermediate level language skills in English or French,
  • Must possess suitable settlement funding, and
  • Must undergo a successful security background and medical examination.

Qualified applicants are selected on the basis of 6 factors whether they are eligible for immigration to Canada or not. They must obtain at least 67 points out of 100 points to qualify. The selection factors are:

  • Age
  • Language
  • Education
  • Work experience
  • Arranged employment
  • Adaptability

Applicants with most secure financial settlement and contribution to Canada is most likely to get selected in this procedure.

Additionally, there are programs other than Express Entry Program. Different immigration programs have different applications and eligibility requirements. An online tool called Come to Canada helps foreign nationals in finding out whether they might be eligible to apply as immigrants, visitors, workers or students in Canada or not.

This instrument guides you through certain queries regarding your own and work history like your nationality, age, language ability, educational and work background, etc.

In view of your responses and circumstances, this tool will give you a list of options and will help you in choosing an appropriate program for yourself. If you decide to apply, a migration official will consider your whole application, based on Canada’s immigration law.

However, your outcomes from this tool can be used for reference purpose only and decision will not be made based on this.

If you are eligible, you can apply online and it will give you a list of instructions to be followed further.  

Maximum age for immigration

Actually, there is no maximum age limit for immigration, but yes, age is one of the selection factors that accounts for CRS score and you can gain maximum 12 points under this selection factor.

Applicants whose age is between 18 to 35 years, is allotted with 12 points. Each year above the age of 35 will reduce the allocation by 1, and no points are awarded to those who have attained the age of 47 years or above.

So, if you are older than 47 years, then your chances for immigration is low, however this is not impossible and you can gain points from other factors.

Money required to immigrate to Canada:

The amount of money needed for immigration depends upon various factors. The funds required for immigration to Canada can be divided into 2 parts:

  1. The funds needed to create EE profile in the Federal Express Entry system or any other Canada Permanent Residency Program.
  2. The funds needed after submitting Canada PR application, after receiving invitation to apply.

Canada PR fees are applicable as follows:

Charges applied forAmount in CAD$Amount in INR
Canada PR Fee for Primary Applicant82544546
Right of PR Fee50027018
Spouse or partner processing Fee82544546
Dependent Child (per child)22512158
IELTS Test Fees 13250
ECA from WES Fees22011888
Medical Test 5500
PCC Fees 1000

Proof of funds for skilled immigrants:

Proof of funds is needed for the applicants to prove that they have sufficient amount of money (not to be borrowed by others) to support oneself and his/her family for the initial period until he/she gets the first income after immigrating to Canada.

For skilled immigrants, the table below shows the minimum amount of money you must carry to Canada. If you have more money than the minimum amount, then show the full amount in your application.

Number of family membersFunds required
1$12960
2$16425
3$19836
4$24083
5$27315
6$30836
7$34299
For each additional family member$3492

However, if you fall into any of these three categories, then you are not needed to show your proof of funds:

  • If you are applying under the Canadian Experience Class.
  • If you are authorized for working in Canada.
  • If you have a job offer letter from an employer in Canada.

Immigration without a job:

You will need a valid job offer if you are going to Canada either through the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) or Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP). Many people are doubtful about the fact that can they immigrate to Canada without a job offer and find a job there itself after the immigration, then the answer is ‘yes’.

It is through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) that is available for applicants who can migrate to Canada without a job offer. Most provinces and territories in Canada are part of the PNP.

Eligibility criteria for the PNP programs varies from province to province. There are various sub-categories of PNP that allow immigrants to settle in Canada even without the job offer. The most popular among them are listed below:

  1. Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP):

Requirements-

  • Must possess legal residential status in their native country
  • Must score at least 4 CLB (Canadian Language Benchmark) in language proficiency in English or French
  • Post-secondary level education or training with a duration of at least 1 year
  • Work experience of at least 1 year in a highly skilled occupation related to candidate’s field of study, which is classified under NOC 0, A or B, within the past 10 years
  • Licenses required to practice their profession in Saskatchewan
  • Sufficient Settlement funds
  • Should score a minimum score of 60 out of 100 in the unique points grid system of Saskatchewan.
  • Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP):

Requirements-

  • Age must be between 18 to 49 years
  • Must meet the minimum language requirements
  • Work experience of at least 1 year in the specialised field
  • Educational qualifications equivalent to Canadian Diploma or Certificate course
  • Have an intention to live and work in Nova Scotia.
  • Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP):

Requirements-

  • Must possess legal residential status in their native country
  • Must score at least 4 CLB (Canadian Language Benchmark) in language proficiency in English or French
  • Post-secondary level education or training
  • Work experience of at least 1 year in a highly skilled occupation related to candidate’s field of study, which is classified under NOC 0, A or B, within the past 10 years
  • Licenses required to practice their profession in Quebec
  • Sufficient Settlement funds
  • Should score a minimum score of 60 out of 100 in the unique points grid system of Quebec.

What is a sponsor and who can sponsor you in Canada?

A sponsor is a Canadian citizen or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act or a permanent resident of Canada with Canadian Citizenship, who is at least 18 years of age, then he/she can sponsor his/her relatives (blood relations) to come to Canada. This is called family sponsorship. Also, if you get married to a person with Canadian citizenship, he/she can sponsor you to immigrate to Canada. To be eligible for family sponsorship, one must be a:

  • Spouse (common law or conjugal partner)
  • Dependent child
  • Parent
  • Grandparent
  • Sibling, nephew, niece or grandchild below the age of 18 years who is unmarried and whose parents are deceased.

An individual may not sponsor if they:

  • Are in prison
  • Are subject to removal order
  • Are in the process of bankruptcy
  • Receive social assistance from the govt. (Except in case of disables)
  • Have been found guilty of (or attempted to commit) any criminal offence
  • Have failed to pay child support payments
  • Have failed to pay immigration loans, or have made late or missed payments
  • Have already sponsored a family member in the past and failed to meet the terms
  • Have sponsored a previous spouse who has not stayed in the country for more than 3 years
  • Were themselves sponsored and became a permanent resident less than 5 years ago.